Natural products as potential bone therapies.

Man Sau Wong, Chui Wa Christina Poon, Liping Zhou, Huihui Xiao

Research output: Chapter in book / Conference proceedingChapter in an edited book (as author)Academic researchpeer-review

Abstract

Demands for natural products, in the form of botanicals, dietary supplements, and herbal medicine, for management of chronic diseases are increasing globally. Natural products might be an alternative for the management of bone health to meet the demands of a growing aging population. Different types of natural products, including Chinese herbal medicine decoctions, herbs, and isolated phytochemicals, have been demonstrated to exert bone protective effects. The most common types of bone protective bioactives are flavonoids, stilbene, triterpenoids, coumestans, lignans, and phenolic acid. The actions of natural products can be mediated by acting systemically on the hormonal axis or locally via their direct or indirect effects on osteogenesis, osteoclastogenesis, as well as adipogenesis. Furthermore, with the use of metabolomic and microbiome approaches to understand the actions of natural products, novel mechanisms that involve gut-brain-bone axis are also revealed. These studies provide evidence to support the use of natural products as bone therapeutics as well as identify new biological targets for novel drug development.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationHandbook of Experimental Pharmacology
EditorsPaula H Stern
PublisherSpringer Nature Switzerland AG
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 3 Dec 2019

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