Nano watermill driven by revolving charge

Xiao Yan Zhou, Jian Long Kou, Xue Chuan Nie, Feng Min Wu, Yang Liu, Hang Jun Lu

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


A novel nanoscale watermill for the unidirectional transport of water molecules through a curved single-walled carbon nanotube (SWNT) is proposed and explored by molecular dynamics simulations. In this nanoscale system, a revolving charge is introduced to drive a water chain confined inside the SWNT, the charge and the tube together serving as a nano waterwheel and nano engine. A resonance-like phenomenon is found, and the revolving frequency of the charge plays a key role in pumping the water chain. The water flux across the SWNT increases with respect to the revolving frequency of the external charge and it reaches its maximum when the frequency is 4 THz. Correspondingly, the number of hydrogen bonds in the water chain inside the SWNT decreases dramatically as the frequency increases from 4 THz to 25 THz. The mechanism behind the resonance phenomenon has been investigated systematically. Our findings are helpful for the design of nanoscale fluidic devices and energy converters.
Original languageEnglish
Article number074702
JournalChinese Physics B
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2015


  • carbon nanotube
  • molecular dynamics simulations
  • revolving charge
  • Water pumping

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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