Myopia in Singapore kindergarten children

Seang Mei Saw, Bill Chan, Linley Seenyen, Keng Hung Maurice Yap, Donald Tan, Sek Jin Chew

Research output: Journal article publicationReview articleAcademic researchpeer-review

22 Citations (Scopus)


Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine whether close-up work was related to myopia in Singapore kindergarten children. Methods: One hundred twenty-eight children, ages 3 to 7 years, from a kindergarten in Singapore were examined by cycloplegic autorefraction. The parents also completed a questionnaire on the different types of close-up work activities each child was engaged in, socioeconomic status, and parental history of myopia. Results: Myopic children spent 3.0 hours per day (median) on close-up work activity, while nonmyopic children spent 2.0 hours per day (median) on close-up work activity. The prevalence of myopia in the sample was 8.6%. Conclusion: Close-up work activity was not related to myopia in pre-school children.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)286-291
Number of pages6
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2001


  • Close-up work activity
  • Epidemiology
  • Refractive error
  • Singapore

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Optometry

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