Mussel-inspired catalytic selenocystamine-dopamine coatings for long-term generation of therapeutic gas on cardiovascular stents

Zhilu Yang, Ying Yang, Li Zhang, Kaiqin Xiong, Xiangyang Li, Feng Zhang, Jin Wang, Xin Zhao, Nan Huang

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

97 Citations (Scopus)


The development of a nitric oxide (NO)-generating surface with long-term, stable and controllable NO release improves the therapeutic efficacy of cardiovascular stents. In this work, we developed a “one-pot” method inspired by mussel adhesive proteins for copolymerization of selenocystamine (SeCA) and dopamine (Dopa) to form a NO-generating coating on a 316 L stainless steel (SS) stent. This “one-pot” method is environmentally friendly and easy to popularize, with many advantages including simple manufacturing procedure, high stability and no involvement of organic solvents. Such SeCA/Dopa coatings also enabled us to develop a catalytic surface for local NO-generation by reaction of endogenously existing S-nitrothiol species from fresh blood. We found that the developed SeCA/Dopa coatings could release NO in a controllable and stable manner for more than 60 days. Additionally, the released NO significantly inhibited smooth muscle cell (SMC) proliferation and migration, as well as platelet activation and aggregation through the up-regulation of cyclic guanosine monophosphate synthesis. Moreover, such NO generation enhanced the adhesion, proliferation and migration of endothelial cells (ECs), and achieved rapid in vivo re-endothelialization, effectively reducing in-stent restenosis and neointimal hyperplasia. We envision that the SeCA/Dopa-coated 316 L SS stent could be a promising platform for treatment of cardiovascular diseases.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-10
Number of pages10
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sept 2018


  • Cardiovascular stent
  • Dopamine
  • Nitric oxide
  • Selenocystamine
  • Surface chemistry

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Biophysics
  • Biomaterials
  • Mechanics of Materials


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