Musculoskeletal impact of the use of various types of electronic devices on university students in Hong Kong: An evaluation by means of self-reported questionnaire

Eugenia H.C. Woo, Peter White, Wai Keung Christopher Lai

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

28 Citations (Scopus)


Therefore, this study explored the cumulative musculoskeletal implications of exposure to various electronic devices among university students. Methods A self-reported questionnaire was administered in the university in Hong Kong and students provided information about the frequency and duration of electronic devices use, including computers, mobile phones and game consoles, and reported on any musculoskeletal pain or discomfort that may relate to electronic devices usage in the immediate 12 months prior to the survey date. Results A total of 503 university students (59% males and 41% females) aged 18–25 years completed the questionnaire. The results showed that 251 (49.9%) respondents reported upper limb musculoskeletal symptoms, particularly in the neck and shoulder regions. Among these, 155 (61.8%) indicated that their discomfort was related to electronic device usage. Statistically significant differences in exposure to electronic devices and musculoskeletal outcomes between genders were found (p < 0.05). Conclusion The use of electronic devices and habitual postures were associated with musculoskeletal problems among university students in Hong Kong. This phenomenon highlights the urgent need for ergonomics education and recommendations to increase students' awareness of musculoskeletal wellbeing.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)47-53
Number of pages7
JournalManual Therapy
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2016


  • Electronic devices
  • Ergonomics
  • Musculoskeletal disorders
  • Posture
  • University students

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

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