Multivariable control-oriented modeling of a direct expansion (DX) air conditioning (A/C) system

Qi Qi, Shiming Deng

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

66 Citations (Scopus)


A dynamic mathematical model for a DX A/C system has been developed. The dynamic model, written in state-space representation which was suitable for designing multivariable control, was linearized at steady state operating points. The linearized model has been validated by comparing the model simulation results with the experimental data obtained from an experimental DX A/C system. The simulated results agreed well with the experimental data, suggesting that the model developed was able to capture the transient characteristics of the DX A/C system modeled. It is expected that the model developed can be useful in designing a multi-input multi-output (MIMO) controller to simultaneously control indoor air temperature and humidity in a space served by a DX A/C system.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)841-849
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Refrigeration
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2008


  • Air conditioning
  • Comparison
  • Cooling system
  • Direct expansion
  • Experiment
  • Modelling
  • Simulation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Building and Construction
  • Mechanical Engineering


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