Multiple-tuned liquid column dampers for torsional vibration control of structures: Experimental investigation

K. M. Shum, You Lin Xu

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

32 Citations (Scopus)


This paper presents an experimental investigation on the performance of multiple-tuned liquid column dampers (MTLCD) for reducing torsional vibration of structures in comparison with single-tuned liquid column dampers (STLCD). A large structure model simulating its torsional vibration and several STLCDs and MTLCDs of different configurations are designed and constructed. A series of harmonically forced vibration tests are conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of MTLCDs in reducing torsional vibration of the structure and to assess the performance effects of various design parameters, which include the number of TLCD units in a MTLCD, the bandwidth of a MTLCD, the frequency tuning ratio and the moment excitation amplitude. An averaging method is also used to identify the head loss coefficients of STLCDs and MTLCDs in conjunction with the free vibration test technique. The experimental results show that the performance of a MTLCD is better than a STLCD with the same water volume in reducing the torsional vibration of structure. The performance sensitivity to frequency tuning ratio can be improved by using MTLCDs.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)977-991
Number of pages15
JournalEarthquake Engineering and Structural Dynamics
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2002


  • Experimental study
  • Head loss coefficient
  • Identification
  • Multiple-tuned liquid column damper
  • Performance assessment
  • Torsional vibration

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)


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