Multifunctional Optoelectronic Synapse Based on Ferroelectric Van der Waals Heterostructure for Emulating the Entire Human Visual System

Feng Guo, Menglin Song, Man Chung Wong, Ran Ding, Weng Fu Io, Sin Yi Pang, Wenjing Jie, Jianhua Hao

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The development of optoelectronic synapses can provide an important breakthrough toward creating a sophisticated and adaptable artificial visual system analogous to that of humans. However, it remains a great challenge to implement the various functions of the biological visual neuromorphic system at the single device level. Intriguingly, 2D van der Waals (vdW) heterostructure may offer a platform to address the issue. Here, a novel multifunctional synaptic device based on ferroelectric α-In2Se3/GaSe vdW heterojunction is proposed to emulate the entire biological visual system. Essential synaptic behaviors are observed in response to light and electrical stimuli; additionally, the retina-like selectivity for light wavelengths and the achievement of Pavlov's dog experiment demonstrate the device's capacity for processing complex electrical and optical inputs. Beyond the optoelectronic synaptic behaviors, the device incorporates memory and logic functions analogous to those in the brain's visual cortex. The results of artificial neural network simulations show that the vdW heterojunction-based device is completely capable of performing logic operations and recognizing images with a high degree of accuracy. The study indicates that versatile devices with a rationally designed construction have great potential for efficiently processing complex visual information and may simplify the design of artificial visual systems.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2108014
JournalAdvanced Functional Materials
Volume32
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2 Feb 2022

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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