Multifunctional DC Electric Springs for Improving Voltage Quality of DC Grids

Ming Hao Wang, Kwan Tat Mok, Siew Chong Tan, S. Y. Hui

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

58 Citations (Scopus)


Electric springs (ESs) have been proposed as a distributed demand-response technology for mitigating voltage and frequency fluctuations of ac power systems fed by substantial intermittent renewable energy. This paper extends this concept to the development of DCESs for voltage regulation of emerging dc power grids. The configurations of series and shunt DCES and their respective operating modes are explained. Both types of ES and their functionalities for dc bus voltage regulation, double-line frequency harmonic compensation, and providing fault-ride-through support are discussed. The proposed DCES has been successfully applied to a 48 V dc microgrid system for experimental verification. The results show a good agreement with the theoretical analysis, confirming that the DCES can be an effective solution to provide simultaneous functions of dc microgrid bus voltage regulation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2248-2258
Number of pages11
JournalIEEE Transactions on Smart Grid
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - May 2018


  • DC grids
  • distributed power systems
  • power electronics
  • smart grid
  • Smart load
  • stability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Computer Science


Dive into the research topics of 'Multifunctional DC Electric Springs for Improving Voltage Quality of DC Grids'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this