Multidimensional housing insecurity and psychological health: how do gender and initial psychological health differentiate the association?

Gum Ryeong Park, Bo Kyong Seo

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review


Objectives: Despite compelling evidence for housing-health associations, it is still unclear (1) whether gender differentiates psychological responses to housing insecurity and (2) the extent to which initial psychological health influences the association between housing insecurity and psychological health. The present study aims to reduce these knowledge gaps. Study design: We used data from over 13 waves (155,114 observations) of the Korea Welfare Panel Study. Methods: This study tests fixed effects models that can take into account measured and unmeasured heterogeneity. Quantile regression with fixed effects was conducted to assess whether the observed association depends on the initial state of psychological health. All analyses are gender stratified. Results: Fixed effects estimates show that housing problems, such as being a renter (b = 0.159), housing cost burden (b = 0.173), and rental/or mortgage arrears (b = 1.194), are significantly associated with depressive symptoms. Similar patterns were observed for poor housing quality (b = 0.598) and a lack of essential facilities (b = 0.286). Although the association between the severity of housing insecurity and depressive symptoms was concentrated among men with initially higher levels of depressive symptoms, the observed association was consistently pronounced for women regardless of initial psychological health. Conclusions: This study suggests that gender perspectives need to be incorporated into the development of housing intervention for vulnerable groups.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)116-123
Number of pages8
JournalPublic Health
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2023


  • Housing insecurity
  • Psychological health
  • Quantile fixed regression

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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