Multicolor Tuning and Temperature-Triggered Anomalous Eu 3+ -Related Photoemission Enhancement via Interplay of Accelerated Energy Transfer and Release of Defect-Trapped Electrons in the Tb 3+ ,Eu 3+ -Doped Strontium-Aluminum Chlorites

Fengwen Kang, Guohuan Sun, Aiwu Wang, Xufen Xiao, Yang Yang Li, Jian Lu, Bolong Huang

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

33 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

So far, a large number of rare earth (RE) and non-RE-doped emission-tunable crystals based on controllable energy transfer have become available, but numerous mechanistic issues, particularly for those that involve temperature-dependent energy transfer between the well-shielded 4f RE ions, lack comprehensive theoretical and experimental investigation, limiting greatly their development and applications in the future. Here, we design and report a type of Tb 3+ ,Eu 3+ -doped Sr 3 Al 2 O 5 Cl 2 phosphors capable of multiemissions upon excitation at 376 nm, through using the orthorhombic Sr 3 Al 2 O 5 Cl 2 as the host lattice while the well-shielded 4f Tb 3+ and Eu 3+ ions as dual luminescent centers. Our results reveal that the energy transfer from Tb 3+ to Eu 3+ ions, happening via an electric dipole-quadrupole (d-q) interaction, can be controlled by the doping ratio of Tb 3+ and Eu 3+ , leading to the tunable emissions from green (0.3159, 0.5572) to red (0.6579, 0.3046). It is found from time-resolved photoluminescence (PL) spectra that this energy transfer begins at t = 5 μs and gradually ends at t ≥ 200 μs. Moreover, from temperature-dependent PL results, we reveal that the Eu 3+ emission features an anomalous intensity enhancement at the earlier heating state. With the density functional theory (DFT) calculations, we have screened the possibilities of site preferential substitution problem. By jointly taking into account the X-ray diffraction Rietveld refinement, DFT findings, and PL and thermoluminescence spectra, a mechanistic profile is proposed for illustrating the PL observations. In particular, our discussions reveal that the temperature-triggered Eu 3+ emission enhancement is due to the interplay of the temperature-induced accelerated energy transfer and defect-trapped electrons that are released upon the thermal stimulation. Unlike most of reported phosphor materials that are always suggested for phosphor-converted white light-emitting diodes, we propose new application possibilities for Tb 3+ ,Eu 3+ -doped Sr 3 Al 2 O 5 Cl 2 phosphors, such as anticounterfeiting, temperature-controlled fluorescence sensor, data storage, and security devices.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)36157-36170
Number of pages14
JournalACS Applied Materials and Interfaces
Volume10
Issue number42
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 24 Oct 2018

Keywords

  • defect-trapped electrons
  • energy transfer
  • site preferential substitution
  • Sr Al O Cl :Tb ,Eu
  • temperature-triggered antiquenching luminescence
  • tunable emissions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)

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