Multicenter phase II study of gemcitabine and oxaliplatin in advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma - Correlation with excision repair cross-complementing-1 polymorphisms

B. B.Y. Ma, E. P. Hui, Sze Chuen Cesar Wong, S. Y. Tung, K. K. Yuen, A. King, S. L. Chan, S. F. Leung, M. K. Kam, B. K.H. Yu, B. Zee, Anthony T.C. Chan

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47 Citations (Scopus)


Background: Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is a platinum-sensitive cancer and excision repair cross-complementing group 1 (ERCC1) polymorphisms have been shown to predict survival in several cancers following platinum therapy. Patients and methods: This multicenter study evaluated the activity of oxaliplatin and prolonged infusion of gemcitabine ('GEMOX' regimen) in recurrent NPC. Baseline blood samples were genotyped for the presence of ERCC1-118 gene polymorphisms. Results: Forty-two patients were recruited, of whom most (61%) had metastatic disease. Of the 40 patients evaluated for response, the respective overall response and disease control rates were 56.1% and 90.2%. At a median follow-up of 14.8 months, the respective median overall survival and time to progression were 19.6 months [95% confidence interval (CI) = 12.8-22 months] and 9 months (95% CI = 7.3-10 months). Grade 3-4 toxic effects were uncommon. The distribution of ERCC1-118 genotypes from 29 patients was C/C (n = 17, 40.5%), C/T (n = 10, 23.8%) and T/T (n = 2, 4.8%). No differences in survival or response rates were found between genotypes. Conclusions: GEMOX is active in the treatment of recurrent NPC. Detection of single-nucleotide gene polymorphisms from genomic DNA in peripheral blood is feasible in NPC and further studies are warranted.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1854-1859
Number of pages6
JournalAnnals of Oncology
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 16 Nov 2009
Externally publishedYes


  • ERCC1 polymorphisms
  • Gemcitabine
  • Nasopharyngeal carcinoma
  • Oxaliplatin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology
  • Oncology

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