Multi-rate data fusion for dynamic displacement measurement of beam-like supertall structures using acceleration and strain sensors

Hongping Zhu, Ke Gao, Yong Xia, Fei Gao, Shun Weng, Yuan Sun, Qin Hu

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)


Accurate measurement of dynamic displacement is important for the structural health monitoring and safety assessment of supertall structures. However, the displacement of a supertall structure is difficult to be accurately measured using the conventional methods because they are either inaccurate or inconvenient to be set up in practice. This study provides an accurate and economical method to measure dynamic displacement of supertall structures accurately by fusing acceleration and strain data, which are generally available in the structural health monitoring system. Dynamic displacement is first derived from the measured longitudinal strains based on geometric deformation without requiring mode shapes. An optimization technique is utilized to optimize the deployment of strain sensors for achieving more accurate strain-derived displacement. The strain-derived displacement is then combined with measured acceleration via a multi-rate Kalman filtering approach. Applications to a numerical supertall structure and a laboratory cantilever beam verify that the proposed method accurately estimates displacement including both high-frequency and pseudo-static components, under different noise cases and sampling rates. A full-scale field test on the 600 m-high Canton Tower is implemented to validate the applicability of the proposed method to real supertall structures. Error analysis demonstrates that the data fusion displacement is more accurate than the global position system-measured displacement in the time and frequency domains.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)520-536
Number of pages17
JournalStructural Health Monitoring
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2020


  • data fusion
  • dynamic displacement
  • geometric deformation
  • multi-rate Kalman filtering
  • Structural health monitoring
  • supertall structure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Mechanical Engineering

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