Multi-objective optimization for centrifugal compressor of mini turbojet engine

Shuai Guo, Fei Duan, Hui Tang, Seng Chuan Lim, Mee Sin Yip

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

44 Citations (Scopus)


Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulation coupled with optimization technique plays a promising role in the turbo-machinery component design. The geometrical optimization has been applied for a mini-centrifugal compressor by using the design of experiments technique. Both the first-order and the second-order regression models are applied with the response surface method (RSM). With the fitting of the regression functions from the least-squares estimator, three compressor geometrical parameters are selected as the input factors. The ideal targets of the optimization problem are for a higher efficiency, a higher pressure ratio and a lower input power. The simulations are conducted in a fully three-dimensional (3D) CFD software-Axcent. The multiple objective optimization problems are solved by an evolutionary algorithm using a Matlab program. Multiple Pareto front solutions can be determined, and the specific optimal solution is selected with the weighted metric methods. The experimental test for the optimal compressor shows a 7.5% increase in pressure ratio. The two-factorial interactions are generated in 3D plots to estimate the effects of different input parameters. The flow analysis for the relative Mach number distribution and the entropy distribution is carried out to explain the changes of the compressor efficiency and pressure ratio.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)414-425
Number of pages12
JournalAerospace Science and Technology
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2014
Externally publishedYes


  • Centrifugal compressor
  • Mini turbojet engine
  • Multi-objective optimization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aerospace Engineering


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