Multi-Objective Optimal Design of Detention Tanks in the Urban Stormwater Drainage System: LID Implementation and Analysis

Huanfeng Duan, Fei Li, Hexiang Yan

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

58 Citations (Scopus)


Under the influences of climate change and rapid urbanization, extreme rainfall events become more and more intensive and the urban flooding issues have been frequently faced in many cities in the world. Previous practical and scientific experiences have demonstrated that appropriate utilization of detention facilities and low impact development (LID) devices for urban region design could be important and effective ways to the flooding control and drainage service management of an urban stormwater drainage system (USDS). This paper investigates the optimal design and application of detention tank network and LID devices for achieving these multiple objectives in the USDS. The framework and method of LID-based multi-objective optimal design of detention tanks in USDS is first developed in this study, and a practical case in SA city of China is then taken for the application. The results of this study confirm the feasibility and validity of the proposed methodological framework for the LID-based multi-objective optimal design of detention tanks in the USDS. Specifically, both total investment costs and flooding risk have been greatly reduced by the optimal implementation of the detention tank and LID measures. Meanwhile, the results indicate that the LID devices may have global effect to the flooding control and the detention tanks can be locally efficient to reduce the flooding risk. Finally, the findings of this study are discussed in the paper for their practical implications to the practical design and management of USDS.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4635-4648
Number of pages14
JournalWater Resources Management
Issue number13
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2016


  • Cost-effective analysis
  • Detention tank
  • Low impact development (LID)
  • Multi-objective optimization (MOO)
  • Urban stormwater drainage system (USDS)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Water Science and Technology

Cite this