Multi-Heteroatom-Doped Hollow Carbon Attached on Graphene Using LiFePO4 Nanoparticles as Hard Templates for High-Performance Lithium-Sulfur Batteries

Jeongyeon Lee, Jiseop Oh, Youngmoo Jeon, Yuanzhe Piao

    Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

    22 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    P, O, and N heteroatom-doped hollow carbon on graphene (PONHC/G) from nanosized LiFePO4 (LFP) as a hard template is shown to be a very efficient sulfur host for lithium-sulfur (Li-S) batteries. The PONHC/G made from LFP nanoparticles as hard materials provides sufficient voids with various pore sizes for sulfur storage, and doping of the carbon structures with various heteroatoms minimized dissolution/diffusion of the polysulfides. The obtained PONHC/G can store sulfur and mitigate diffusion of the dissolved polysulfide owing to the well-organized host structure and the strong chemical affinity for polysulfides because of the polarization effect of the heteroatom dopants. As a cathode, S@PONHC/G shows excellent cycle stability and rate capability, as confirmed by polysulfide adsorption analysis. Therefore, PONHC/G may show high potential as a sulfur scaffold in the commercialization of Li-S batteries through additional modification and optimization of these host materials.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)26485-26493
    Number of pages9
    JournalACS Applied Materials and Interfaces
    Volume10
    Issue number31
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 8 Aug 2018

    Keywords

    • cathodes
    • graphene
    • heteroatoms
    • LiFePO
    • lithium-sulfur batteries

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Materials Science(all)

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