There are various processes which can be used for wastewater treatment (WT), and the selection of the most sustainable one among different processes is a hard task. This study aims at helping the decision-makers (DM) to address this by developing an intuitionistic fuzzy set (IFS) theory based group multi-attribute decision analysis (MADA) method. Ten criteria in environment, economy, society-politic, and technology dimensions were employed to achieve sustainability measurement (SM) of WT processes. The multi-criteria sustainability assessment method developed in this study allow different experts to attend the SM, and enable the participants to employ the natural language/words to depict their intuitionistic opinions. Accordingly, the proposed method can achieve group SM under uncertainties. An illustrative case including four processes for wastewater treatment, namely Anaerobic-Anoxic-Oxic (AAO) process, Triple Oxidation Ditch (TOD) process, Anaerobic single-ditch oxidation (ASD) process, and Sequencing batch reactor activated sludge process (SBR), has been studied, and the results reveal that this method can determine sustainability sequence of different WT processes.
- Sustainability assessment
- Wastewater treatment
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Geography, Planning and Development
- Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law