MSWIBA-based cellular alkali-activated concrete incorporating waste glass powder

Dongxing Xuan, Pei Tang, Chi Sun Poon

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

62 Citations (Scopus)


In this study, municipal solid waste incineration bottom ash (MSWIBA) and waste glass were recycled and reused to synthesize aerated or cellular alkali-activated concrete (AAAC) in order to minimize their disposal at landfills and to produce a value-added construction material. The experimental results showed that incorporating 20% waste glass powder (WGP) in the alkali-activated MSWIBA-WGP products would not cause a decrease in strength, and WGP can be considered as a precursor as well as a waste-derived activator to provide the reactive silica for geopolymerization. The MSWIBA as the main precursor contributed to the structure forming of AAAC as well as acting as a source of foaming agent due to the presence of metallic aluminium. The prepared AAAC incorporating 20% WGP exhibited low thermal conductivities ranging from 0.14 to 0.38 W/m·K with compressive strengths ranging from 0.9 to 10.4 MPa, and density values from 494 to 1295 kg/m3. The results obtained by optical photography and Scanning Electron Microscopy-backscattered electrons imaging methods showed that the prepared AAAC had less spherical air voids and wider air-void size distribution from 0.02 to 3.0 mm when compared to traditional aerated cement concrete, and the reactive silica was able to form C(N)-A-S-H which provided the mechanical strength development of AAAC.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)128-136
Number of pages9
JournalCement and Concrete Composites
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2019


  • Aerated alkali-activated concrete
  • Foaming agent
  • Incineration bottom ash
  • Metallic aluminium
  • Thermal conductivity
  • Waste glass powder

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Building and Construction
  • General Materials Science


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