MRI reconstruction using deep Bayesian estimation

Guanxiong Luo, Na Zhao, Wenhao Jiang, Edward S. Hui, Peng Cao (Corresponding Author)

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

36 Citations (Scopus)


Purpose: To develop a deep learning-based Bayesian estimation for MRI reconstruction. Methods: We modeled the MRI reconstruction problem with Bayes’s theorem, following the recently proposed PixelCNN++ method. The image reconstruction from incomplete k-space measurement was obtained by maximizing the posterior possibility. A generative network was utilized as the image prior, which was computationally tractable, and the k-space data fidelity was enforced by using an equality constraint. The stochastic backpropagation was utilized to calculate the descent gradient in the process of maximum a posterior, and a projected subgradient method was used to impose the equality constraint. In contrast to the other deep learning reconstruction methods, the proposed one used the likelihood of prior as the training loss and the objective function in reconstruction to improve the image quality. Results: The proposed method showed an improved performance in preserving image details and reducing aliasing artifacts, compared with GRAPPA, (Formula presented.) -ESPRiT, model-based deep learning architecture for inverse problems (MODL), and variational network (VN), last two were state-of-the-art deep learning reconstruction methods. The proposed method generally achieved more than 3 dB peak signal-to-noise ratio improvement for compressed sensing and parallel imaging reconstructions compared with the other methods. Conclusions: The Bayesian estimation significantly improved the reconstruction performance, compared with the conventional (Formula presented.) -sparsity prior in compressed sensing reconstruction tasks. More importantly, the proposed reconstruction framework can be generalized for most MRI reconstruction scenarios.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2246-2261
Number of pages16
JournalMagnetic Resonance in Medicine
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2020
Externally publishedYes


  • Bayesian estimation
  • compressed sensing
  • deep learning reconstruction
  • generative network
  • parallel imaging

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


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