Motion estimation in low-delay hierarchical p-frame coding using motion vector composition

Tsz Kwan Lee, Yui Lam Chan, Wan Chi Siu

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


Low-delay hierarchical prediction structure is currently adopted in various new video coding standards. The only hurdle of this structure is the need of motion estimation in distant reference frames. To maintain high coding efficiency, a large search range for motion estimation can improve the coding efficiency in distant reference pictures. Computational complexity will thus be increased dramatically. In this paper, a fast motion estimation scheme for a low-delay hierarchical P-frame structure is proposed. The proposed scheme adopts a motion vector composition strategy to expedite the motion estimation process for distant reference frames in the hierarchical P structure. In addition, a motion vector composition algorithm is tailor-made with the proposed hierarchical P coding scheme to further improve the coding efficiency. Simulation results show that the proposed scheme can deliver a remarkable complexity savings and coding efficiency improvement on coding a frame in low temporal layers of the hierarchical P structure.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1243-1251
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Visual Communication and Image Representation
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 25 Sept 2013


  • Distant reference pictures
  • Fast algorithm
  • H.264 standard
  • Low-delay hierarchical P structure
  • Motion estimation
  • Motion vector selection
  • Vector composition
  • Video coding

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Signal Processing
  • Media Technology
  • Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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