Morphotropic phase boundary and electrical properties in (1-x)Bi0.5Na0.5TiO3-xBi(Zn0.5Ti0.5)O3lead-free piezoceramics

Shan Tao Zhang, Feng Yan, Bin Yang

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

52 Citations (Scopus)


(1-x)Bi0.5Na0.5TiO3-xBi(Zn0.5Ti0.5)O3[(1-x) BNT-xBZT, x=0, 0.025, 0.0375, 0.050, and 0.075] lead-free piezoceramics were prepared and their structures and electrical properties were investigated. It is found that BZT can increase the Curie temperature of BNT. A morphotropic phase boundary (MPB) separating rhombohedral and tetragonal phases exists near x=0.0375. As the result, the MPB composition shows improved electrical properties; the saturated polarization, remnant polarization, and coercive field are 42.0 μC/cm2, 36.5 μC/cm2, and 3.5 kV/mm, respectively, while the piezoelectric coefficient, planar electromechanical coupling factor, and unipolar strain are 92 pC/N, 0.22, and 0.08%, respectively. The structures and electrical properties are discussed by comparing with that of other BNT-based piezoceramics. Our results do not only supplement for BNT-based lead-free piezoceramics, but also may provide a way to develop new lead-free piezoceramics with high Curie temperature.
Original languageEnglish
Article number114110
JournalJournal of Applied Physics
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2010

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)


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