Morphology dependent adsorption of methylene blue on trititanate nanoplates and nanotubes prepared by the hydrothermal treatment of TiO 2

G. Dawson, Wei Chen, L. Lu, K. Dai

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

Abstract

© IWA Publishing 2017 Water Science & Technology. The adsorption properties of two nanomorphologies of trititanate, nanotubes (TiNT) and plates (TiNP), prepared by the hydrothermal reaction of concentrated NaOH with different phases of TiO 2 , were examined. It was found that the capacity for both morphologies towards methylene blue (MB), an ideal pollutant, was extremely high, with the TiNP having a capacity of 130 mg/g, higher than the TiNT, whose capacity was 120 mg/g at 10 mg/L MB concentration. At capacity, the well-dispersed powders deposit on the floor of the reaction vessel. The two morphologies had very different structural and adsorption properties. TiNT with high surface area and pore volume exhibited exothermic monolayer adsorption of MB. TiNP with low surface area and pore volume yielded a higher adsorption capacity through endothermic multilayer adsorption governed by pore diffusion. TiNP exhibited a higher negative surface charge of -23 mV, compared to -12 mV for TiNT. The adsorption process appears to be an electrostatic interaction, with the cationic dye attracted more strongly to the nanoplates, resulting in a higher adsorption capacity and different adsorption modes. We believe this simple, low cost production of high capacity nanostructured adsorbent material has potential uses in wastewater treatment.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)350-357
Number of pages8
JournalWater Science and Technology
Volume75
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2017
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Adsorption
  • Methylene blue
  • Trititanate nanotubes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Water Science and Technology

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