This study investigates the relationship between aerosol optical thickness (AOT) derived from MODerate resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) satellite and in situ particulate matter (PM2.5) from Hong Kong air-quality monitoring stations. The relationship was analysed for three different AOT products, namely, MODIS collection 5 AOT data, MODIS collection 5 fine-mode fraction AOT data, both at 10 km resolution, and MODIS AOT data at 500 m resolution. In view of the predicted low accuracies obtainable for MODIS AOT products for the south China region, these AOT products were first validated against AOT measurements from an AErosol RObotic NETwork (AERONET) station near the centre of Hong Kong. Strong relationships of R2= 0.78 and R2= 0.77 for the 10 km and 500 m AOT data, respectively, were obtained, thus providing a robust AOT image database at both coarse and fine spatial resolution for comparison with PM2.5concentrations. When a whole year (2007) of AOT images was compared with PM2.5concentrations recorded at five ground stations, correlations of R2= 0.31, R2= 0.10 and R2= 0.67 were obtained for collection 5, fine-mode fraction of collection 5 (both at 10 km resolution) and 500 m AOT, respectively. Strong correlations between MODIS 500 m AOT and PM2.5concentration were also observed for individual stations (R2= 0.66, 0.74, 0.76, 0.56 and 0.62, for Central, Tung Chung, Tseun Wan, Yuen Long and Tap Mun stations, respectively). The study suggests that fine particle distributions at a high level of detail over whole cities may be obtained from satellite images. Since the model has potential for further refinement, monitoring of detailed PM2.5concentrations on a routine basis from satellite images will provide a highly useful tool for urban environmental authorities.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)