Moisture is assumed to be detrimental to organometal trihalide perovskite, as excess water can damage the crystallinity of the perovskite structure. Here, we report a growth mode for via thermal annealing of the perovskite precursor film in a humid environment (e.g., ambient air) to greatly improve the film quality, grain size, carrier mobility, and lifetime. Our method produces devices with maximum power conversion efficiency of 17.1% and a fill factor of 80%, revealing a promising route to achieve high quality perovskite polycrystalline films with superior optoelectronic properties that can pave the way towards efficient photovoltaic conversion.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)