MOF-Transformed In2O3-x@C Nanocorn Electrocatalyst for Efficient CO2 Reduction to HCOOH

Chen Qiu, Kun Qian, Jun Yu, Mingzi Sun, Shoufu Cao, Jinqiang Gao, Rongxing Yu, Lingzhe Fang, Youwei Yao, Xiaoqing Lu, Tao Li, Bolong Huang, Shihe Yang

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

41 Citations (Scopus)


For electrochemical CO2 reduction to HCOOH, an ongoing challenge is to design energy efficient electrocatalysts that can deliver a high HCOOH current density (J HCOOH) at a low overpotential. Indium oxide is good HCOOH production catalyst but with low conductivity. In this work, we report a unique corn design of In2O3-x@C nanocatalyst, wherein In2O3-x nanocube as the fine grains dispersed uniformly on the carbon nanorod cob, resulting in the enhanced conductivity. Excellent performance is achieved with 84% Faradaic efficiency (FE) and 11 mA cm−2 J HCOOH at a low potential of − 0.4 V versus RHE. At the current density of 100 mA cm−2, the applied potential remained stable for more than 120 h with the FE above 90%. Density functional theory calculations reveal that the abundant oxygen vacancy in In2O3-x has exposed more In3+ sites with activated electroactivity, which facilitates the formation of HCOO* intermediate. Operando X-ray absorption spectroscopy also confirms In3+ as the active site and the key intermediate of HCOO* during the process of CO 2 reduction to HCOOH.[Figure not available: see fulltext.].

Original languageEnglish
Article number167
JournalNano-Micro Letters
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2022


  • Active sites
  • CO reduction
  • Corn design
  • Formate
  • Indium oxide

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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