Modular Performance Analysis of Energy-Harvesting Real-Time Networked Systems

Nan Guan, Mengying Zhao, Chun Jason Xue, Yongpan Liu, Wang Yi

Research output: Chapter in book / Conference proceedingConference article published in proceeding or bookAcademic researchpeer-review


This paper studies the performance analysis problem of energy-harvesting real-time network systems in the Real-Time Calculus (RTC) framework. The behavior of an energy-harvesting node turns out to be a generalization of two known components in RTC: it behaves like an AND connector if the capacitor used to temporally store surplus energy has unlimited capacity and there is no energy loss, while it behaves like a greedy processing component (GPC) if the size of the capacitor is zero and thus surplus energy is lost or passed to other nodes immediately. In this paper, methods are developed to analyze the worst-case performance, in terms of delay and backlog, of energy-harvesting nodes as well as compute upper/lower bounds of their data and energy outputs. Moreover, with the proposed analysis methods, we disclose some interesting properties of the worst-case behaviors of energy-harvesting systems, which provide useful information to guide system design. Experiments are conducted to evaluate our theoretical contributions and also confirm that the disclosed properties are not just the result of our analysis, but indeed hold in realistic system behaviors.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings - 2015 IEEE 36th Real-Time Systems Symposium, RTSS 2015
Number of pages10
ISBN (Electronic)9781467395076
Publication statusPublished - 14 Jan 2016
Externally publishedYes
Event36th IEEE Real-Time Systems Symposium, RTSS 2015 - San Antonio, United States
Duration: 1 Dec 20154 Dec 2015


Conference36th IEEE Real-Time Systems Symposium, RTSS 2015
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CitySan Antonio

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software
  • Hardware and Architecture
  • Computer Networks and Communications

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