Modifiable Factors for the Trajectory of Health-Related Quality of Life among Youth Growing up in Poverty: A Prospective Cohort Study

Ko Ling Chan, Camilla Kin Ming Lo, Frederick K. Ho, Qiqi Chen, Mengtong Chen, Patrick Ip

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review


Poverty is a decisive risk factor for poor health and well-being, and its negative consequences could be more severe and substantial among children. Understanding the factors associated with improvement in well-being is vital to design interventions. This is a prospective cohort study of 546 youth growing up in families in poverty in Hong Kong. All participants were assessed twice, in 2016 and 2019, in regard to their physical and mental health, as well as for different economic, social, and psychological variables. The results show that approximately 41% experienced an improvement in their health-related quality of life (HRQoL). Findings from the logistic regression analyses suggest that the health and development of youth in poverty may be restored by promoting social support, a sense of hope, future orientation, job stability, and money management practices, such as savings, during childhood and adolescence. The findings shed light on future policy making and forms of service development that could help to end the vicious cycle of poverty and hampered health.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9221
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Issue number17
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2021

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