Modelling of split-drain magnetic field-effect transistor (MAGFET)

Jack Lau, Ping K. Ko, Philip Ching Ho Chan

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

33 Citations (Scopus)


By simply splitting the drain of a conventional MOS transistor into two, we can convert the transistor into a magnetic sensor. The ease of integrating split-drain magnetic field-effect transistors (MAGFETs) in conventional CMOS technology and the potential of sensing small magnetic fields have fascinated many researchers. Yet many parameters, such as the maximum sensitivity and biasing dependence of the device, are not yet known. In this paper, we describe a model for the split-drain MAGFET. The model shows that the sensitivity of the sensor is primarily a function of the roll-off of the induced Hall potential in the channel and that the contribution due to channel inversion charge redistribution is very minor. The model also shows that the magnetic-field signal in terms of ΔId/Idis insensitive to geometry, linear to magnetic-field strength and affected by the gap between the two drains. Furthermore, we show that the sensitivity is typically limited by the Hall mobility, insensitive to operating regions and attributed to saturation voltage shifts in the saturation region. A maximum sensitivity of less than 5.8% T-1is predicted. The development of the model is assisted by computer simulations and verified by experimental results.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)155-162
Number of pages8
JournalSensors and Actuators: A. Physical
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1995
Externally publishedYes


  • Magnetic-field sensors
  • Modelling
  • Split-drain MAGFETs

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Instrumentation
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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