Modelling of focused wave interaction with wave energy converter models using qaleFOAM Junxian Wang MSc

Junxian Wang, Shiqiang Yan, Qingwei Ma, Jinghua Wang, Zhihua Xie, Sarah Marran

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


This paper presents a numerical investigation on the interaction between focused waves and wave energy converter (WEC) models using a hybrid solver, qaleFOAM, which couples a two-phase incompressible Navier-Stokes (NS) solver OpenFOAM/InterDyMFoam with the quasi Lagrangian-Eulerian finite element method (QALE-FEM) based on the fully non-linear potential theory (FNPT) using the domain-decomposition approach. In the qaleFOAM, the NS solver deals with a small region near the structures (NS domain), where the viscous effect may be significant; the QALE-FEM covers the remaining computational domain (FNPT domain); an overlap (transitional) zone is applied between two domains. The WEC models, mooring system and the wave conditions are given by the Collaborative Computational Project in Wave-Structure Interaction (CCP-WSI) Blind Test Series 2. In the numerical simulation, the incident wave is generated in the FNPT domain using a self-correction wavemaker and propagates into the NS domain through the coupling boundaries and attached transitional zones. An improved passive wave absorber is imposed at the outlet of the NS domain for wave absorption. The practical performance of the qaleFOAM is demonstrated by comparing its prediction with the experimental data, including the wave elevation, motion responses (surge, heave and pitch) and mooring load.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)100-118
Number of pages19
JournalProceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers: Engineering and Computational Mechanics
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sept 2020
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Mechanics of Materials


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