Modelling of a non-buoyant vertical jet in waves and currents

Zhen shan XU, Yong ping CHEN, Jian feng TAO, Yi PAN, Chang kuan ZHANG, Chi Wei LI

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


The experimental data obtained in five different cases, i.e., one case of the jet in a wave only environment, two cases of the jet in a cross-flow only environment and two cases of the jet in a wave and cross-flow coexisting environment, are used to validate the model. The grid sensitivity tests are conducted based on four different grid systems and the results illustrate that the non-uniform grid system C (205×99×126 nodes with the minimum size of 1/10 jet diameter) is sufficiently fine for the modelling. The comparative study shows that the wave-current non-linear interaction should be taken into account at the inflow boundary while modelling the jet in wave and cross-flow coexisting environments. All numerical results agree well with the experimental data, showing that: (1) the jet under the influence of the wave action has a faster centerline velocity decay and a higher turbulence level than that in the stagnant ambience, meanwhile the “twin peaks” phenomenon exists on the cross-sectional velocity profiles, (2) the jet under a cross-flow scenario is deflected along the cross-flow with the node in the downstream, (3) the jet in wave and cross-flow coexisting environments has a flow structure of “effluent clouds”, which enhances the mixing of the jet with surrounding waters.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)778-793
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Hydrodynamics
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2016


  • cross-flow
  • large eddy simulation (LES)
  • turbulent jet
  • wave
  • wave and cross-flow coexisting

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Modelling and Simulation
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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