Modelling Contaminant Exposure in a Single-family House

Jeffrey M. Huang, Qingyan Chen, Bénédicte Ribot, Hervé Rivoalen

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study simulated occupational exposure to household contaminants in a single-family house under different ventilation, heating, and climatic conditions using computational fluid dynamics (CFD). The contaminants studied were carbon dioxide and carbon monoxide. This investigation assessed the exposure over the day for a generic occupational schedule of four family members. Characteristically, high degrees of contamination as well as thermal stratification were found during the winter months, where low ventilation rates mimic displacement ventilation. This leads to lower contaminant exposure of the occupants, compared to a situation with completely mixed air. The stratification effect is more efficient at curbing exposure than increasing the global ventilation rate for the cases evaluated.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5-19
Number of pages15
JournalIndoor and Built Environment
Volume13
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2004

Keywords

  • Computational fluid dynamics (CFD)
  • Contaminant exposure
  • Indoor air quality
  • Stratification
  • Ventilation system performance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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