Modelling and validation of coupled high-speed maglev train-and-viaduct systems considering support flexibility

Z. L. Wang, Y. L. Xu, G. Q. Li, Y. B. Yang, Su Wen Chen, X. L. Zhang

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

45 Citations (Scopus)


This study presents a more realistic modelling of the maglev-based high-speed railway line in Shanghai, China. Focus is placed on an accurate simulation of the two subsystems: the train subsystem including the magnets and the viaduct subsystem including the modular function units of the rails. The electromagnet force–air gap model with a proportional-derivative (PD) controller is adopted to simulate the interaction between the maglev train via its electromagnets and the viaduct via its modular function units. The flexibilities of the rails, girders, piers and associated elastic bearings are all considered in the modelling of the viaduct subsystem to investigate their effects on an interaction between the two subsystems. By applying the proposed model to the Shanghai maglev line, the essential characteristics of the coupled system can be duly captured. The accuracy and effectiveness of the proposed approach are then validated by comparing the computed dynamic responses and frequencies with the measurement results. It is confirmed that the proposed modelling with a detailed simulation of the magnets and modular function units can duly account for the dynamic interaction between the train and viaduct systems. Moreover, the effects of the inclusion of the flexibilities of the rails, girders and elastic supports to the response of the coupled system are respectively investigated, the results of which prove that their involvements are essential to the accurate prediction of the response of the coupled maglev train–viaduct system.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)161-191
Number of pages31
JournalVehicle System Dynamics
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2019


  • dynamic interaction
  • field measurement
  • High-speed maglev train
  • modelling and validation
  • support flexibility
  • viaduct

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Automotive Engineering
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Mechanical Engineering


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