Modeling the quantum yields of herbicide 2,4-D decay in UV/H2O2 process

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Abstract

The photodecay of herbicide 2,4-D in a hydrogen peroxide-aided photolysis process was studied and modeled. The decay rate of 2,4-D was known to be low in the natural environment, but rate improvement was achieved in an H2O2/UV system. The 2,4-D decay quantum yields under ultraviolet (UV) light at 253.7 nm increased from 4.86 × 10-6to 1.30 × 10-4as the ratio of [H2O2]/[2,4-D] increased from 0.05 to 12.5. Apparently, in the presence of UV light, the decay rate of 2,4-D could be greatly improved as the concentration of hydrogen peroxide increased. However, the efficiency of 2,4-D photodecay was retarded if the concentration of H2O2was overdosed, because the excess hydrogen peroxide consumes the hydroxyl radicals (HO·) in the solution, resulting in a much weaker oxidant HO2·. The decay of 2,4-D was also pH dependent. A ranking of acid (highest), base (middle) and neutral (lowest) was observed owing to the property change of reactants and the shifting of dominant mechanisms among photolysis, photohydrolysis and chemical oxidation. Two mathematical models were proposed to predict the quantum yield for various [H2O2]/[2,4-D] ratios and initial pH levels, in which very good correlation was found for the ranges of regular application.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)935-941
Number of pages7
JournalChemosphere
Volume44
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 20 Aug 2001

Keywords

  • 2,4-D
  • Herbicide
  • Hydrogen peroxide
  • Kinetics
  • Modeling
  • Ultraviolet

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Environmental Science(all)

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