Modeling of SOFC running on partially pre-reformed gas mixture

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Abstract

A two dimensional model is developed to study the transport and reaction processes in solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) fueled by partially pre-reformed gas mixture, considering the direct internal reforming (DIR) of methane and water gas shift (WGS) reaction in the porous anode of SOFC. Electrochemical oxidations of H2and CO fuels are both considered. The model consists of an electrochemical, a chemical model, and a computational fluid dynamics (CFD) model. Two chemical models are compared to examine their effects on SOFC modeling results. Different from the previous studies on hydrogen fueled SOFC, higher gas velocity is found to slightly decrease the performance of SOFC running on pre-reformed gas mixture, due to suppressed gas composition variation at a higher gas velocity. The current density distribution along the gas channels at an inlet temperature of 1173K is quite different from that at 1073K, as DIR reaction is facilitated at a higher temperature. It is also found that neglecting the electrochemical oxidation of CO can considerably underestimate the total current density of SOFC running on pre-reformed hydrocarbon fuels. An alternative method is proposed to numerically determine the open-circuit potential of SOFC running on hydrocarbon fuels. Electrochemical reactions are observed at open-circuit potentials.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1731-1745
Number of pages15
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Volume37
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2012

Keywords

  • Ceramic fuel cells
  • Direct internal reforming
  • Mixed potential
  • Modeling
  • SOFC
  • Water gas shift reaction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Fuel Technology
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology

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