The various scenarios for municipal solid waste management are projected with the main purpose for reduction of environmental impact and energy production. The aim of this study is to evaluate the energy consumption and environmental impacts of incineration and landfill scenarios. The data used in this study are supplied by Waste Management Organization of Tehran Municipality, Iran. Results of the energy analysis show that 406.08 GJ (8500 t MSW)−1 of energy is consumed in the process of incineration and landfill with transportation system. Most energy consumption is related to transportation. Life cycle assessment indicates that incineration leads to the reduction of detrimental factors related to toxicity as the results of electricity generation and the production of phosphate fertilizers. Besides, the rates of daily greenhouse gas emissions from incineration and landfill are estimated at 4499.07 and 92,170.30 kg CO2 eq., respectively. In this study, feed-forward back-propagation models based on Levenberg-Marquardt training algorithm are developed for predicting electricity and environmental factors against energy consumption for municipal solid waste management. An Artificial Neural Network model with 4-5-5-11 structure is selected as the best structure. Results show that, in the selected model, the amount of R2 varies in the ranges of 0.948–0.999 for training, testing and validation, demonstrating excellent performance in predicting all outputs based on the input factors. Sensitivity analysis for Artificial Neural Network model indicates that transportation has the highest sensitivity in four impact categories including eutrophication, marine aquatic ecotoxicity, human toxicity and terrestrial ecotoxicity.
- Artificial Neural Network
- Life cycle assessment
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Environmental Science(all)
- Strategy and Management
- Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering