Modeling of coupled urban wind flow and indoor air flow on a high-density near-wall mesh: Sensitivity analyses and case study for single-sided ventilation

Z. T. Ai, Cheuk Ming Mak

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

34 Citations (Scopus)


Coupled urban wind flow and indoor air flow is an important flow problem that is associated with many environmental processes. This paper provides detailed sensitivity analyses of some important computational parameters that may influence the prediction accuracy of such a flow problem. The CFD prediction of single-sided ventilation rate is taken as a case study. Based on both the RANS and LES turbulence models, the most commonly used predictive methods, namely the integration and tracer gas decay methods, are examined. A range of wind directions are considered, since the characteristics of both building aerodynamics and ventilation mechanics are distinctive under different wind directions. The performance of numerical model is thoroughly evaluated, including validation against field measurements. Specific attention is paid to sensitivity analyses of the near-wall mesh density. The implications for accurate CFD prediction of the single-sided ventilation rate are summarized, which are also applicable to other coupled flows.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)57-68
Number of pages12
JournalEnvironmental Modelling and Software
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2014


  • Computational fluid dynamics (CFD)
  • Coupled urban wind flow and indoor air flow
  • Large-Eddy Simulation (LES)
  • Sensitivity study
  • Single-sided ventilation rate
  • Wind directions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software
  • Environmental Engineering
  • Ecological Modelling

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