Modeling of CH4-assisted SOEC for H2O/CO2co-electrolysis

Haoran Xu, Bin Chen, John Irvine, Meng Ni

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

65 Citations (Scopus)


Fuel-assisted H2O electrolysis by SOEC (SOFEC) has been demonstrated to be effective in reducing power consumption. In this paper, the effects of fuel (i.e. CH4) assisting on CO2/H2O co-electrolysis are numerically studied using a 2D model. The model is validated with the experimental data for CO2/H2O co-electrolysis. One important finding is that the CH4assisting is effective in lowering the equilibrium potential of SOEC thus greatly reduces the electrical power consumption for H2O/CO2co-electrolysis. The performance of CH4-assisted SOFEC increases substantially with increasing temperature, due to increased reaction kinetics of electrochemical reactions and CH4reforming reaction. The CH4-assisted SOFEC can generate electrical power and syngas simultaneously at a low current density of less than 600 Am−2and at 1123 K. In addition, different from conventional SOEC whose performance weakly depends on the anode gas flow rate, the CH4-assisted SOFEC performance is sensitive to the anode gas flow rate (i.g. peak current density is achieved at an anode flow rate of 70 SCCM at 1073 K). The model can be used for subsequent design optimization of SOFEC to achieve high performance energy storage.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)21839-21849
Number of pages11
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Issue number47
Publication statusPublished - 21 Dec 2016


  • Co-electrolysis
  • Cogeneration
  • Fuel assisting
  • Mathematical modeling
  • Solid oxide electrolyzer cell
  • Solid oxide fuel cell

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Fuel Technology
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology


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