Modeling of anisotropic damage and creep deformation in brittle rocks

Jian Fu Shao, Kam Tim Chau, X. T. Feng

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

173 Citations (Scopus)


A new constitutive model is proposed for the description of induced anisotropic damage in brittle rocks. The formulation of the model is based on relevant results from micromechanics consideration. The distribution of microcracks is approximated by a second-order damage tensor. The effective elastic properties of damaged material are derived from the free enthalpy function. The evolution of damage is directly related to the growth of microcracks in different space orientations. The volumetric dilatancy due to sliding crack opening is taken into account. The model is extended to the description of creep deformation in brittle rocks. The time dependent deformation is seen as a consequence of the sub-critical propagation of microcracks due to stress corrosion process. The proposed model is applied to a typical brittle rock, the Lac du Bonnet granite. A general good agreement is obtained between numerical simulations and experimental data.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)582-592
Number of pages11
JournalInternational Journal of Rock Mechanics and Mining Sciences
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2006


  • Anisotropic damage
  • Brittle materials
  • Creep deformation
  • Granite
  • Microcracks

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology


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