Modeling of a solid oxide electrolysis cell for carbon dioxide electrolysis

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Abstract

In this study, two models are developed to investigate the performance of a solid oxide electrolysis cell (SOEC) for CO2electrolysis at different levels. The first model is a one-dimensional model which is basing on a previously developed electrochemical model for steam electrolysis and considered all overpotentials in the SOEC. The second model is a two-dimensional thermal-fluid model consisting of the 1D model and a computational fluid dynamics (CFD) model. It is found that the mean electrolyte temperature initially decreases with increasing operating potential, reaches the minimum at about 1.1V and increases considerably with a further increase in potential. At the thermal-neutral voltage (1.463V at 1173K), the calculated mean electrolyte temperature matches the inlet gas temperature. Increasing the operating potential increases both the local current density and the electrolyte Nernst potential. The electrochemical performance can be improved by increasing the inlet gas velocity from 0.2ms-1to 1.0ms-1but further increasing the inlet gas velocity will not considerably enhance the SOEC performance. It is also found that a change of electrode permeability in the order of 10-16m2to 10-13m2does not noticeably influence the SOEC performance in the present study, due to negligible convection effect in the porous electrodes.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)246-254
Number of pages9
JournalChemical Engineering Journal
Volume164
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Oct 2010

Keywords

  • Computational fluid dynamics (CFD)
  • Finite volume method (FVM)
  • Porous media
  • Solid oxide electrolyte
  • Solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC)
  • Transport phenomena

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Environmental Chemistry

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