Modeling energy use in dairy cattle farms by applying multi-layered adaptive neuro-fuzzy inference system (MLANFIS)

Paria Sefeedpari, Shahin Rafiee, Asadollah Akram, Kwok Wing Chau, Seyyed Hassan Pishgar Komleh

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)


This study focused on the capability of two artificial intelligent approaches, including Artificial Neural Networks (ANNs) and Multi-Layered Adaptive Neural Fuzzy Inference System (MLANFIS), as a prediction tool to model and forecast milk yield on the basis of energy consumption in dairy cattle farms of Iran. For this purpose, data was collected from 50 farms in Tehran province, Iran. For the purpose of gaining the best accurate ANFIS model, five energy inputs were clustered into two groups based on their energy share in total energy consumption and an ANFIS network was trained for each cluster. The results of statistical parameter evaluation showed that ANFIS 1 and ANFIS 2 from layer one were not as accurate as ANFIS 3 network (layer two) whereas, coefficient of determination (R2), Root Mean Square Error (RMSE) and Mean Absolute Percentage Error (MAPE) values were 0.75, 1256.72 and 0.129 for ANFIS 1 and 0.65, 1409.43 and 0.144 for ANFIS 2 and 0.93, 681.85 and 0.063 for ANFIS 3 network, respectively. These results were considerably better than ANNs model with R2, RMSE and MAPE calculated as 0.85, 1052.413 and 0.0702, respectively. Eventually, the outcomes revealed that multi-layered ANFIS contrasted to ANNs modeling could successfully predict the milk yield level accurately. Hence, it is recommended that the multi-layered ANFIS can potentially be applied as an alternative approach.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)173-185
Number of pages13
JournalInternational Journal of Dairy Science
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2015


  • Adaptive neuro-fuzzy inference system
  • Dairy farm
  • Energy use
  • Milk production
  • Modeling

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Animals
  • Animal Science and Zoology


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