Modeling and Forecasting Regional Tourism Demand Using the Bayesian Global Vector Autoregressive (BGVAR) Model

A. George Assaf, Gang Li, Haiyan Song, Mike G. Tsionas

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

54 Citations (Scopus)


Increasing levels of global and regional integration have led to tourist flows between countries becoming closely linked. These links should be considered when modeling and forecasting international tourism demand within a region. This study introduces a comprehensive and accurate systematic approach to tourism demand analysis, based on a Bayesian global vector autoregressive (BGVAR) model. An empirical study of international tourist flows in nine countries in Southeast Asia demonstrates the ability of the BGVAR model to capture the spillover effects of international tourism demand in this region. The study provides clear evidence that the BGVAR model consistently outperforms three other alternative VAR model versions throughout one- to four-quarters-ahead forecasting horizons. The potential of the BGVAR model in future applications is demonstrated by its superiority in both modeling and forecasting tourism demand.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)383-397
JournalJournal of Travel Research
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 14 Mar 2018


  • Bayesian global VAR
  • forecasting
  • impulse response analysis
  • Southeast Asia
  • spillover
  • tourism demand

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Transportation
  • Tourism, Leisure and Hospitality Management

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