This paper presents a model predictive direct power control strategy for a grid-connected inverter used in a photovoltaic system as found in many distributed generating installations. The controller uses a system model to predict the system behavior at each sampling instant. The voltage vector that generates the least power ripple is selected using a cost function and applied during the next sampling period; thus, flexible power regulation can be achieved. In addition, the influence of a one-step delay in the digital implementation is investigated and compensated for using a model-based prediction scheme. Furthermore, a two-step horizon prediction algorithm is developed to reduce the switching frequency, which is a significant advantage in higher power applications. The effectiveness of the proposed model predictive control strategy was verified numerically by using MATLAB/Simulink and validated experimentally using a laboratory prototype.
- Model predictive control (MPC)
- Power regulation
- Switching frequency reduction
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Control and Systems Engineering
- Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering