Modal identification of Di Wang Building under Typhoon York using the Hilbert-Huang transform method

You Lin Xu, S. W. Chen, R. C. Zhang

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

63 Citations (Scopus)


The Di Wang Building is one of the tallest composite buildings in the world, located in downtown Shenzhen City of China about 2 km from the Hong Kong border. On 16 September 1999, Typhoon York - that is the strongest typhoon since 1983 and the typhoon of longest duration on record - attacked Hong Kong and Shenzhen. The wind and structural monitoring system installed in the Di Wang Building timely recorded wind and structural response data. The newly emerged Hilbert - Huang transform (HHT) method in conjunction with the random decrement technique (RDT) is applied to the measured data in this paper to identify dynamic characteristics of the building. A series of natural frequencies and modal damping ratios of the building under different wind speeds in different directions are identified and compared with those from the fast Fourier transform (FFT)-based method. The variations of natural frequency, total modal damping ratio and net structural modal damping ratio with wind speed and vibration amplitude are also investigated. The results show that the natural frequencies identified by the HHT method are almost the same as those obtained by the FFT-based method. The first two modal damping ratios given by the HHT method are, however, lower than those by the FFT-based method, which may indicate that the FFT-based method overestimates the modal damping ratios. Both the total and the net structural modal damping ratios increase with increasing wind speed and vibration amplitude but the situation is reversed for the natural frequency.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)21-47
Number of pages27
JournalStructural Design of Tall Buildings
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2003

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction

Cite this