Mixture Design Approach to optimize the rheological properties of the material used in 3D cementitious material printing

Zhixin Liu, Mingyang Li, Yiwei Weng, Teck Neng Wong, Ming Jen Tan

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

47 Citations (Scopus)


The Mixture Design Approach was adopted in this report to formulate the correlation between the cementitious material components and material rheological properties (static yield stress, dynamic yield stress) and identify the optimal material composition to get a balance between high cementitious material static yield stress and low dynamic yield stress. Cement, sand, fly ash, water and silica fume were blended to form the test materials according to mixture design and the responses (static yield stress, dynamic yield stress) were logged by the Viskomat. Two non-linear mathematic models for responses were experimentally validated based on the ANOVA (Analysis of Variance) analysis. The results indicated that the optimal replacement of supplementary cementitious materials can be determined according to static yield stress and dynamic yield stress based on the ternary components. The Mixture Design Approach is then proven to be an effective method of optimizing the cementitious materials used in 3D cementitious material printing (3DCMP) application.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)245-255
Number of pages11
JournalConstruction and Building Materials
Publication statusPublished - 20 Feb 2019
Externally publishedYes


  • 3D cementitious material printing
  • Additive manufacturing
  • Large scale printing
  • Mixture Design Approach
  • Multi-objectives optimization
  • Rheological properties

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Materials Science(all)

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