Mixed truck delivery systems with both hub-and-spoke and direct shipment

Jiyin Liu, Chung Lun Li, Chun Yan Chan

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

67 Citations (Scopus)


This paper studies a mixed truck delivery system that allows both hub-and-spoke and direct shipment delivery modes. A heuristic algorithm is developed to determine the mode of delivery for each demand and to perform vehicle routing in both modes of deliveries. Computational experiments are carried out on a large set of randomly generated problem instances to compare the mixed system with the pure hub-and-spoke system and the pure direct shipment system. The experiment results show that the mixed system can save around 10% total traveling distance on average as compared with either of the two pure systems.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)325-339
Number of pages15
JournalTransportation Research Part E: Logistics and Transportation Review
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2003


  • Direct shipment
  • Heuristic algorithm
  • Hub-and-spoke
  • Mixed system
  • Truck delivery system
  • Vehicle routing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Business and International Management
  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Transportation


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