Mixed convection from upward flow of hot air to a cooled vertical pipe

Tat Leung Chan, Chun Wah Leung

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


An experimental study had been carried out to investigate the buoyancy-opposed mixed convection from an upward flow of hot air to a vertical pipe with a cooled surface. The investigation covered a wide range of flow regime, ranging from the `free convection significant' to the `forced convection significant' conditions. Reynolds number of the flow extended from 966 to 14780, whereas the Buoyancy parameter varied from 0.008 to 2.77. A steady stream of hot air at a moderate pressure and a Prandtl number of 0.707 was arranged to flow upward through a vertical steel pipe, whose external wall was cooled uniformly by ambient air at 20 °C. Test section of the vertical pipe was 1625 mm long with an internal diameter of 156 mm and an external diameter of 166 mm. Air temperature at inlet of the test section was varied from 40 °C to 70 °C. Both radial temperature and velocity profiles of the airflow were measured at inlet and exit of the test section respectively. Temperatures along the pipe wall were also measured. Non-dimensional expression for the prediction of the average heat transfer coefficient of the mixed convection from an upward flow of hot air to a vertical pipe with a cooled surface was developed from the experimental results. Convection heat transfer was found to impair when the flow is laminar and was enhanced for turbulent flow condition.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)171-176
Number of pages6
JournalWarme- und Stoffubertragung Zeitschrift
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1999

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)

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