Artificial neural networks (ANN) are typically composed of a large number of nonlinear functions (neurons) each with several linear and nonlinear parameters that are fitted to data through a computationally intensive training process. Longer training results in a closer fit to the data, but excessive training will lead to overfitting. We propose an alternative scheme that has previously been described for radial basis functions (RBF). We show that fundamental differences between ANN and RBF make application of this scheme to ANN nontrivial. Under this scheme, the training process is replaced by an optimal fitting routine, and overfitting is avoided by controlling the number of neurons in the network. We show that for time series modeling and prediction, this procedure leads to small models (few neurons) that mimic the underlying dynamics of the system well and do not overfit the data. We apply this algorithm to several computational and real systems including chaotic differential equations, the annual sunspot count, and experimental data obtained from a chaotic laser. Our experiments indicate that the structural differences between ANN and RBF make ANN particularly well suited to modeling chaotic time series data.
|Number of pages||1|
|Journal||Physical Review E - Statistical Physics, Plasmas, Fluids, and Related Interdisciplinary Topics|
|Publication status||Published - 6 Dec 2002|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
- Statistics and Probability
- Condensed Matter Physics