Minimization of delay and travel time of yard trucks in container terminals using an improved GA with guidance search

Z. X. Wang, Tung Sun Chan, Sai Ho Chung, Ben Niu

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


X. Wang et al. Yard truck scheduling and storage allocation problems (YTS-SAP) are two important issues that influence the efficiency of a container terminal. These two problems aim to determine the routing of trucks and proper storage locations for discharging containers from incoming vessels. This paper integrates YTS and SAP as a whole and tries to minimize the weighted summation of total delay and total yard trucks travel time. A genetic algorithm (GA) is proposed to deal with the problem. In the proposed GA, guidance mutation approach and exhaustive heuristic for local searching are used in order to force the GA to converge faster and be steadier. To test the performance of the proposed GA, both small scale and large scale cases are studied. The results of these cases are compared with CPLEX for the small scale cases. Since this problem is an NP-hard problem, which CPLEX cannot solve, a simple GA is studied for comparison in large scale cases. The comparison demonstrates that the proposed GA can obtain near optimal solutions in much shorter computational time for small scale cases. In addition, the proposed GA can obtain better results than other methods in reasonable time for large scale cases.
Original languageEnglish
Article number710565
JournalMathematical Problems in Engineering
Publication statusPublished - 23 Feb 2015

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mathematics(all)
  • Engineering(all)

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