Middleware for wireless sensor networks: A survey

Miao Miao Wang, Jiannong Cao, Jing Li, Sajal K. Dasi

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

167 Citations (Scopus)


Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) have found more and more applications in a variety of pervasive computing environments. However, how to support the development, maintenance, deployment and execution of applications over WSNs remains to be a nontrivial and challenging task, mainly because of the gap between the high level requirements from pervasive computing applications and the underlying operation of WSNs. Middleware for WSN can help bridge the gap and remove impediments. In recent years, research has been carried out on WSN middleware from different aspects and for different purposes. In this paper, we provide a comprehensive review of the existing work on WSN middleware, seeking for a better understanding of the current issues and future directions in this field. We propose a reference framework to analyze the functionalities of WSN middleware in terms of the system abstractions and the services provided. We review the approaches and techniques for implementing the services. On the basis of the analysis and by using a feature tree, we provide taxonomy of the features of WSN middleware and their relationships, and use the taxonomy to classify and evaluate existing work. We also discuss open problems in this important area of research.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)305-326
Number of pages22
JournalJournal of Computer Science and Technology
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2008


  • Middleware
  • Pervasive computing
  • Wireless sensor network

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software
  • Theoretical Computer Science
  • Hardware and Architecture
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Computational Theory and Mathematics


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