Microwave sintering and characterization of polypropylene/multi-walled carbon nanotube/hydroxyapatite composites

Ling Chen, Chak Yin Tang, Harry Siu Lung Ku, Chi Pong Tsui, Xu Chen

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

31 Citations (Scopus)


Low dielectric property of polypropylene (PP) is the main barrier to microwave sintering of PP. In this study, 1 wt% of multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) were incorporated into the PP as the microwave susceptors, together with different amounts (0, 5, 15, and 30 wt%) of hydroxyapatite (HA) to produce PP/MWCNT/HA biocomposites for bone tissue engineering by microwave sintering. A reduction of fabrication time (within 1 min) was achieved and the sintering time decreased with an increase of the HA content. The existence and homogeneous distribution of the HA in the sintered composites were confirmed by X-ray diffraction and back scattered scanning electron microscopy, respectively. Microstructures of these composites were examined and thermal analyses were carried out. The microwave sintering technique developed in this study can be used as an alternative to conventional polymer processing methods for fabrication of microwave transparent PP based composites.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)504-511
Number of pages8
JournalComposites Part B: Engineering
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2014


  • A. Polymer-matrix composites (PMCs)
  • B. Microstructures
  • D. Thermal analysis
  • E. Sintering

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering


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